Title Logic and Cognition
Lecturers Péter Mekis (ELTE) and Tibor Sutyák SZTE)
Codes BMI-LOTD-322E.04, BMA-LOTD-322.04
Time Friday 12:00-13:30
Venue i224
Prerequisites The course has no prerequisites.
Exam The course ends with an oral exam.
Description Logic is about what follows from what. Reasoning, and in particular inference-making is about the rational change in view. The nature of the relation between the two has been a long-standing puzzle for philosophers, and it continues fuelling contemporary debates. On the one extreme we find the view that logic provides us with (normative or descriptive) laws of reasoning. On the other extreme is the position that the two things have nothing to do with each other. What is the relevance---if any---of the recent findings of cognitive psychology in this age.old philosophical dilemma? During the course we will discuss several contributions to the issue at hand.
  • M. Kusch, Psychologism. In: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Frege, Logical investigations 1--3. In: Collected Papers on Mathematics, Logic, and Philosophy. Blackwell, 1984.
  • G. Harman: Logic & reasoning. Chapter 2 in: Change in View. MIT Press, 1986.
  • Cohen: Can human irrationality be experimentally demonstrated? In: Adler & Rips (eds), Reasoning.
  • Johnson-Laird, Mental models and deductive reasoning. In: Adler & Rips.
  • Geurts: Reasoning with quantifiers. In: Adler & Rips.
  • J. Peregrin, Consequence and inference. Manuscript.